Whale phishing is a term used to describe a phishing attack that is specifically aimed at wealthy, powerful, or prominent individuals. Because of their status, if such a user becomes the victim of a phishing attack he can be considered a “big phish,” or, alternately, a "whale."
Spear phishing is a phishing method that targets specific individuals or groups within an organization. It is a potent variant of phishing, a malicious tactic which uses emails, social media, instant messaging, and other platforms to get users to divulge personal information or perform actions that cause network compromise, data loss, or financial loss. While phishing tactics may rely on shotgun methods that deliver mass emails to random individuals, spear phishing focuses on specific targets and involve prior research.
Pharming sets up a website that contains copies of pages from a legitimate website in order to capture confidential information from users, such as credit card, bank account, social security numbers and other sensitive personal information. Users are automatically redirected to malicious URLs when hackers hack into DNS servers and change IP addresses.
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